Montenegro, officially the Republic of Montenegro ( Republika Crna Gora ), meaning “Black Mountain”) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea and is bordered to the northeast and northwest with Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to west and northwest and with Albania to the southeast. Its capital city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica, meaning the former Royal Capital City. Classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country, Montenegro also is a candidate for joining the European Union. The economy of Montenegro is mostly service-based and is in late transition to a market economy. Aluminum and steel production and agricultural processing make up for the most of the industrial output.
Montenegro’s natural wealth is very diverse, offering a unique blend of mountain and sea splendor. On one side, the seaside of Montenegro is famous for the beautiful Bay of Boka fjord, attractive islands, numerous bays and clear water, while on the other side you can find mountains with beautiful lakes, deep canyons with attractive scenery, wild rivers, undiscovered and mysterious caves, all of which are surrounded by untouched nature. That is the reason why we refer to Montenegro as a country of beauty, some say wild beauty. And that is not all: the Montenegrin coastal and mountain beauties are situated very close to each other, enabling us to enjoy them almost simultaneously.
Montenegro is biological “hot spot” of European and world biodiversity. The Index of species per area unit of Montenegro is 0,837, which is the highest index recorded in all European countries. The Tara Canyon is the largest and deepest canyon in Europe and the second one in the world after the Grand Canyon. Four UNESCO World Heritage sites can be visited: the old town of Kotor, one of the largest “living old towns” in Eastern Europe, the deepest canyon in Europe, and a beautiful coastal zone.
Montenegro is situated in southeastern Europe, between the Adriatic Sea and Serbia. It has a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland. (For more detailed weather and climate of Montenegro, click here). Montenegro is among the sunniest places in the world! Check out the world map of average bright sunny days per location. The country offers activities all year long, with a great mix of nature, mountain and sea.
Population 620,029 (2011 Census)
Area 13,812 km²
Capital (population) Podgorica (185,937)
President of the Republic Mr. Filip Vujanovic
Prime minister Mr. Milo Djukanovic
Political system Parliamentary Democracy
GDP (million €) 3,149.0 (2012)
Unemployment rate 13,43% (2012)
Number of Airports 2 (Podgorica and Tivat)
Currency: EUR (€) since 2001
Negotiation process with the European Union initiated in 2012
Activities in the area of tourism will also be directed toward the creation of tourist brand Montenegro- a recognizable Mediterranean destination with diversified tourist offer. Major efforts will be directed toward an increase in the quality of tourist offering in the coastal area by developing high quality tourist resorts and improving the quality of existing ones. At the same time activities are being carried out within the overall concept of sustainable development, based on nature-oriented tourism that represents a development opportunity, in particular in the segment of development of tourist potentials of the hinterlands and the mountain region. Both Montenegro Tourism Development Strategy in force until 2020 and Tourist Reform Agenda highlighted the fact that tourist offer of Montenegro is predominantly oriented towards the sun and the sea, being a great amount of potential residing in the mountainous region of the country highly unexploited. Montenegro has more than 120 peaks over 2000 m above sea level and future activities should be directed toward the tourist valorization of Montenegrin mountains.
NATIONAL PARKS and FORESTS:
Being a country full of natural wealth, Montenegro has five national parks: Lovcen, Biogradska Gora, Durmitor, Lake Skadar and Prokletije and several regional nature parks. Currently with 9.04% of its territory contained within national parks, Montenegro is a world leader. Forests and forest land make up 54% of the total area of Montenegro, according to statistical indicators. 41% are coniferous and 59% deciduous trees.